Extraordinary African women Update and Stories


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Extraordinary African women – Update
persblog.be Update – April 28, 2016

UN Development Goals

Following the adoption of a UN declaration in 2000, member states committed to help achieve   by 2015: to eradicate extreme  poverty and hunger, to achieve universal primary education, to promote gender equality and empower women, to reduce child mortality, to improve maternal health, to combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases, to ensure environmental sustainability and to develop a global partnership for development.

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Results in 2015

The Guardian on July 6, 2015: “The millennium development goals have targeted eight key areas – poverty, education, gender equality, child mortality, maternal health, disease, the environment and global partnership. Each goal is supported by 21 specific targets and more than 60 indicators. Below, we’ve looked at what has been achieved on some of the targets within each goal.”

pic by joelasky.co.uk
pic by joelasky.co.uk

MDG 1: The number of people living on less than $1.25 a day has been reduced from 1.9 billion in 1990 to 836 million in 2015, although the target of halving the proportion of people suffering from hunger was narrowly missed.

MDG 2: Primary school enrollment figures have shown an impressive rise, but the goal of achieving universal primary education has just been missed, with the net enrollment rate increasing from 83% in 2000 to 91% this year.

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MDG 3: About two-thirds of developing countries have achieved gender parity in primary education.

2015 - pic acelebrationofwomen.org
2015 – pic acelebrationofwomen.org

MDG 4: The child mortality rate has reduced by more than half over the past 25 years – falling from 90 to 43 deaths per 1,000 live births – but it has failed to meet the MDG target of a drop of two-thirds.

MDG 5: The global maternal mortality ratio has fallen by nearly half – short of the two-thirds reduction the MDGs aimed for.

MDG 6: The target of halting and beginning to reverse the spread of HIV/Aids by 2015 has not been met, although the number of new HIV infections fell by around 40% between 2000 and 2013.

MDG 7: Some 2.6 billion people have gained access to improved drinking water since 1990, so the target of halving the proportion of people without access to improved sources of water was achieved in 2010 – five years ahead of schedule. However, 663 million people across the world still do not have access to improved drinking water.

MDG 8: Between 2000 and 2014, overseas development assistance from rich nations to developing countries increased by 66% in real terms, and in 2013 reached the record figure of $134.8bn/ £80.3bn/ €119.2bn.

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Extraordinary African women – Stories
persblog.be Archives – June 19, 2014 – August 04, 2014 – November 13 & 21 & 27, 2014

Women are key in development of Africa

President-Ellen-Johnson-Sirleaf-150x150

1 Ellen       Johnson Sirleaf, former President of Liberia

President_of_Malawi_Joyce_Banda_(8985928177)

2 Joyce Banda, former President of Malawi

1024px-Luisa_Dias_Diogo_-_World_Economic_Forum_Annual_Meeting_Davos_2009_crop

3 Luisa Dias Diogo, former Prime Minister of Mozambique

cover Fatima Muhammad - kopie

4 Fatima Muhammad, Nigerian nurse

Rosebell Kagumire Uganda1

5 Rosebell Kagumire, journalist-activist in Uganda

 

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(Update continues)

New program 2030

The UN: “Voices around the world are demanding leadership on poverty, inequality and climate change. To turn these demands into actions, world leaders gathered on 25 September 2015 at the United Nations in New York to adopt the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development.”

“The 2030 Agenda comprises 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs), or Global Goals,  which will guide policy and funding for the next 15 years, beginning with a historic pledge to end poverty. Everywhere. Permanently.

The concept of the SDGs was born at the United Nations Conference on Sustainable Development, Rio+20, in 2012. The objective was to produce a set of universally applicable goals that balances the three dimensions of sustainable development: environmental, social, and economic.

The SDGs replace the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), which in September 2000 rallied the world around a common 15-year agenda to tackle the indignity of poverty.

With the job unfinished for millions of people—we need to go the last mile on ending hunger, achieving full gender equality, improving health services and getting every child into school. Now we must shift the world onto a sustainable path. The SDGs aim to do just that, with 2030 as the target date.”

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2030 - pic witsjusticeproject.com
2030 – pic witsjusticeproject.com